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Introduction and Motivation

The open accessibility of research publication and data is an important topic for the research culture of the 21st century. Today we are facing a considerable increase of scientific production, data-intensive science, and a rapidly growing research community. Increased usage of modern technologies and computing in science and research helps processing the big amount of data. In addition, Web 2.0 tools offer new possibilities for cooperating worldwide – via the internet.

The growing amount of digitised content and modern technologies offer new possibilities for a facilitated and computer-aided consultation and processing of sources of interest for research – but only if access to the content is granted. Open Research (also known under the term of Open Science) encompasses science or research approaches, which strive to document and publish the research process as well as research results in a transparent way, openly available on-line. Open Research strategies include publishing research data and publications under open licenses (Open Research Data, Open Access)

We agree with the slightly modified arguments in favour of Open Access consolidated by the Austrian Science Fund (FWF):

  1. Research as public good: research funding is mainly based on tax money (http://www.taxpayeraccess.org/issues/access/index.shtml). The moral argument is that publicly-funded research should be publicly available and for free.
  2. Efficiency enhancement: Open Access is a mean to improved creation, processing, and use of information. The argument from utility comprises two aspects:
    1. Visibility and transfer of knowledge: free access increases visibility of publications (http://opcit.eprints.org/oacitation-biblio.html) and eases the transfer of knowledge to Society (http://open-access.org.uk/wp-content/uploads/2011/10/OAIG_Benefits_OA_PrivateSector.pdf). Both research and the public benefit from freely accessible information and knowledge.
    2. Network of knowledge: the internet and new technologies introduced new ways to connect and process data and knowledge (e.g. text mining). Innovative capabilities of these technologies can only be exploited if research data and content are freely available.
  3. Value of knowledge: currently there is a gap between long-established values and legislations (authorship, copyright, handling of information and knowledge), and innovative knowledge production, publication, and sharing practices. The economic argument is that Open Access will provide new economic opportunities for future business models.
    1. Development of prices: the subscription fees of scientific journals have increased exponentially. The high acquisition costs caused serious financial problems for research institutions (http://www.monbiot.com/2011/08/29/the-lairds-of-learning/). Open Access journals can be a solution to this issue.
    2. Innovative publication models will be able to quickly adapt to the potentials of research data and publications on-line, and respond to the needs of communities who are making use of them.

Because the international trend toward Open Research is already well underway (e.g. as emphasized in the EU Horizon 2020 strategies), we think that action at a national level should be undertaken as soon as possible. To sustain national activities we regularly collect a number of links to Open Access policies and principles, as well as more general information and news about Open Research, Open Access, Open Data, and the Open Knowledge movement. Moreover we are actively contributing to national intiatives like the Open Access Network Austria (OANA), the Austrian Chapter of the Open Knowledge Foundation (OKFN-AT), and to consultation activities by the Young European Associated Researchers Network (YEAR) on European level.

We have created this Wiki space as a public space for assembling policy recommendations and other useful information for the implementation of Open Research.

 


Links & Resources

Open Research, Open Access, etc. Organisations & Work Groups

A more comprehensive list which is continuously being updated can be found here.

 


Activities

Various workshops and talks

Michela Vignoli led and took part in a number of workshops and gave talks on Open Science, Open Data, and Open Access. Highlights and reports are linked below (see past events).

Towards an (Open and Smart) Data Market

Michela Vignoli (AIT Austrian Institute of Technology) held two Open Data workshops earlier this year. The first one was organised in the context of the CeDEM 2015 conference and the co-located Share-PSI 2.0 workshop and attracted 15 participants from Austria, Great Britain and other European countries. The second one was held at the 4th OGD D-A-CH-LI conference in Vienna together with Johann Höchtl (Danube University Krems) and Martin Kaltenböck (Semantic Web Company) and had 8 participants from Austria, Germany and Switzerland. Both workshops had three short opening talks followed by an open discussion by the participants. The first workshop at CeDEM 2015 was focused on exchanging best/good practices and challenges with Open Data from a public and private point of view. The second workshop dealt with requirements of and current barriers to an (Open) Data Market in the D-A-CH-LI region. The documentation of and conclusions from both workshops are available here.

e-Infrastructures Austria

Since 2015 AIT ist part of the e-Infrastructures Austria project. Michela Vignoli is co-leading the Cluster K: Research Data from science and arts work package together with Bernhard Haslhofer (both AIT).

Open Access Network Österreich (OANA)

Michela Vignoli participates in the OANA work group on How To Involve and Support Researchers as Open Access Actors and Promoters (German site). The work group started its activities on March 20, 2014 in a kick-off meeting at WWTF in Vienna. 13 representatives of Austrian Universities, Research Institutes, and national Research Funders participated. The group was composed of researchers from the humanities, natural and technical sciences, as well as librarians and administrative staff. The diversity of the group is a good fundament to gather input from different positions and disciplines.

The goal of the work group is to produce a white paper with recommendations for promoting and supporting Open Access in Austria, with special focus on the needs and settings of active researchers. In this context, the work group worked on a few concept papers (documented in the protocol of the 3rd meeting) and assembled some input for an information leaflet on Open Access. The results of the first year were presented at the OANA information event on the 21st of January 2015.

The progress and activities are being documented on Michela's blog: http://my-open-research.blogspot.co.at/search/label/OANA (in German) and the meeting minutes can be found on the OANA website: http://www.oana.at/arbeitsgruppen/einbindung-von-wissenschafterinnen/.

Open Science working group by OKFN-AT and openscienceASAP

Michela is member of the Open Science working group by the Austrian Chapter of the Open Knowledge Foundation and contributes to the openscienceASAP project.

YEAR Consultation on young researchers' views on Science 2.0/Open Science

The YEAR Network, of which AIT's Safety and Security Department is a member, conducted a consultation on young researchers' views on Science 2.0. The YEAR board presented the results of the consultation to Robert-Jan Smits and Jean-Claude Burgelman of the EC's DG Research and Innovation on November 4, 2014 in Brussels. The consultation was coordinated mostly by Michela Vignoli, who is representing AIT in the YEAR board.

The consultation consisted of an online survey and local debates organised at YEAR member organisations. The results are documented in a report, which can be downloaded here.

Michela attended the Validation Workshop of the EC's consultation on ‘Science 2.0: Science in Transition’, which took place on December 4, 2014 in Madrid, together with Alexis Sevault (YEAR board). The validation process can be followed on http://scienceintransition.eu/. Michela was also invited, together with Clara Lujan and Petri Pipatti from the YEAR board, to attend the workshop for developing a vision of Open Science in 2030 organised by the Commission.

Science 2.0 Work Group (Public Consultation by EC)

This work group was created to work on recommendations for answering the Public Consultation on Science 2.0 by the European Commission. This bottom-up activity was initiated by YEAR (Young European Associated Researchers Network), of which AIT's Safety and Security Department is a member. YEAR was contacted by the European Commission and asked for our input in this regard.

In a first step the work group discussed the benefits of and current/experienced barriers to Science 2.0. The focus lay on the perspective of young researchers. In a second step the work group discussed the questionnaire by the EC with an invited expert form Austria, Dr. Michael Strassnig from Vienna Science and Technology Fund WWTF.

Link to documentation



Events

Open Science MeetUp by Open Knowledge Austria: Where does our science go?

The next MeetUp organised by the Open Science working group will take place on Monday, 11th of April 2016, 18:00 CET at Raum D, Museumsquartier in Vienna. The meeting will be dedicated to the currently on-going Open Science policy processes in Austria and Europe, give an overview of those, and give the participants the opportunity to exchange and network in this context. Link to blog post (in German): http://okfn.at/2016/03/02/open-science-meetup-zur-aktuellen-forschungspolitik-in-oesterreich/

Open Science Lecture Series – Open Initiatives: Offener Wissenstransfer

Ringvorlesung am WTZ Ost in Wien in Kooperation mit Open Knowledge Austria und openscienceASAP.

Termine:

  • 3. Dezember: VO Open Science – Jetzt!
  • 13. Jänner: VO Open Science – Technologie und Wissenschaft

  • 16. März: VO Open Science und Bürger_innenwissenschaft

  • 7. April: WS Tag der Befreiung der verlorenen Seminararbeiten

  • 9. Mai: WS Die Kunst von Offenheit und Kollaboration

Eintritt frei, Anmeldung notwendig.

Mehr Infos und Videos zu den Veranstaltungen: http://openscienceasap.org/education/courses/open-science-lecture-series-wtz-ost/

Past Events

FIT Information Days & fti…remixed Speeddating, January 25, 2016 (Vienna, AT)

The event addressed female teenagers who are interested in considering technical research career. The girls had the opportunity to receive first-hand information about various research organisations and Universities in Austria and to have their questions answered by female researchers. In the afternoon at the fti...remixed Speeddating the young girls had the chance have personal conversations in small groups with four female researchers. Michela participated in the event and shared her experience and some personal advices with the interested girls. A blog post of the fti...remixed Speeddating event is available in German.

Österreichischer Bibliothekartag (Austrian Librarian Congress), September 15-18, 2015 (Vienna, AT) 

At the 32nd Austrian Librarian Congress Michela Vignoli presented an introduction to Science 2.0 and talk about science in the 21st century. The motto of the conference is Offensive&Open Libraries: New Approaches, New Structures, New Chances („Offen(siv)e Bibliotheken: Neue Zugänge, neue Strukturen, neue Chancen“).

JPI-Climate Symposium, October 22-23, 2015 (Vienna, AT)

This Symposium took place in Vienna (Austria) on 22-23 October 2015. JPI Climate invited climate-related research communities, research funding organisations, policy makers and practitioners to discuss together on how societies can manage data and information to create knowledge (and ultimately wisdom) with problem-solving character. Michela Vignoli chaired the track Availability and Access. The videos and presentations from the conference are available here.

Open Access Week, October 19 - 25, 2015 (everywhere)

In the context of the international Open Access Week a number of events are being organised worldwide. In this context the Open Science WG of Open Knowledge Austria organised a MeetUp on October 19  in Vienna on ‚Open Science for a Better Collaboration‘. Puneet Kishor (formerly Creative Commons) was our special guest and gave a short presentation and we had the opportunity to exchange with him about Open Science and Citizen Science. Michela helped organising the event.

4. OGD D-A-CH-LI Conference "Open X" (Vienna, AT)

The fourth Open Government Data conference of the German speaking countries took place in Vienna on the 24th of June 2015. Michela Vignoli led the workshop "Towards a D-A-CH-LI Open Data Market" together with Johann Höchtl (Donau Universität Krems) and Martin Kaltenböck (Semantic Web Company). The report of the workshop as well as a conclusion drawn from both Open Data workshops is available here.

CeDEM 2015 (Krems, AT)

The international Conference for e-Democracy and Open Government brings together e-democracy, e-participation and open government specialists working in academia, politics, government and business to critically analyse the innovations, issues, ideas and challenges in the networked societies of the digital age. Michela Vignoli presented her paper co-authored with Peter Kraker (Know-Center) and Alexis Sevault (SINTEF) "Paving the way for Science 2.0: top-down and bottom-up approaches" and led the workshop "Towards a sustainable Austrian Data Market". The protocol of the workshop, which has been produced in cooperation with the Share-PSI 2.0 project, can be accessed here. The proceedings of the conference are available here.

EC Workshop Developing future scenarios: "How will research look like in 2030?" (Brussels, BE)

Michela Vignoli, Clara Lujan and Petri Pipatti (YEAR board) have been invited to attend the scenario workshop organised by the Commission's DG for Research and Innovation. The workshop took place on 28-29 April 2015 at the DG R&I offices. The goal of the workshop was to prepare a short vision-paper on how Open Science will change the way research is conducted in 2030. The three YEAR board members are very excited to have had the opportunity to participate in the second EC workshop in a row and to contribute to the creation of a common vision towards a more open science world. The output of the workshop was presented at the EC Era of Innovation conference on 22-23 June in Brussels. The document resulting from the workshop is published here.

OANA Information Event 2015 (Vienna, AT)

The goal of the event was to present all results achieved by the OANA working groups and to discuss upcoming activities of the network. Michela Vignoli presented with her working group colleagues the results of the working group on How To Involve and Support Researchers as Open Access Actors and Promoters. The goal of this working group was to produce a white paper with recommendations for promoting and supporting Open Access in Austria, with special focus on the needs and settings of active researchers. In this context, the work group worked on a few concept papers (documented in the protocol of the 3rd meeting).

Next to that, together with Peter Kraker (KNOW Center Graz, Open Knowledge Foundation Austria), Michela gave a short presentation of Open Science.

UNIKO Workshop Science 2.0: Science in Transition (Vienna, AT)

On the 15th of January 2015, Michela Vignoli attended the workshop with presentations by Robert-Jan Smits (EC, DG Research & Innovation), Ulrike Felt (University of Vienna), Barbara Weitgruber (BMWFW), and a panel discussion with Wolfgang Burtscher (EC, DG Research & Innovation), Pascale Ehrenfreund (FWF), Ulrike Felt, Peter Scherrer (Graz University), and Heinrich Schmidinger (UNIKO).

EC Science 2.0 Consultation: Validation Workshop (Madrid, ES)

Michela Vignoli and Alexis Sevault (YEAR board) attended the validation workshop of the European Commission's consultation on ‘Science 2.0: Science in Transition’, which took place on December 4, 2014 in Madrid. This workshop is targeted at publishers and research intermediaries. The validation process can be followed on http://scienceintransition.eu/ where further input to the process is invited as well.

OpenCon 2014 (Washington DC, USA)

Michela Vignoli attended the first OpenCon, the Student and Early Carreer Researcher Conference on Open Access, Open Education and Open Data, which took place on November 15-17 in Washinton DC. Michela was one of the 175 applicants who received a scholarship to attend the event. Only 4% of the applicants were funded. Read more in a blog post.

Vienna Open Festival 2014: Workshop & Podium Discussion on Practising Openness (Vienna, AT)

Michela Vignoli was invited to attend a closed workshop and consecutive public podium discussion on the practise of openness, which took place on November 2, 2014. The event was organised in the context of this year's ViennaOpen Festival. The workshop participants were really diverse, working in different fields (e.g. universities, design), which lead to interesting discussions and exchange of experiences and best practices. Michela gave input on openness in research and science. A video of the podium discussion can be found here (German).

OC2014: Talk on Open Science in Austria (Linz, AT)

On May 21, 2014 Michela Vignoli (AIT) and Christopher Kittel (Universität Graz) talked about Open Science in Austria at the OC2014: Learn and Live with Digital Commons. Time: 14:30 – 15:45 CET. The conference took place at the Wissensturm in Linz. The conference Website (German): http://opencommons.public1.linz.at/oc14.

The presentation (in German) is available on Prezi: http://prezi.com/5m7w0y8okao3/open-science-in-osterreich-packen-wirs-an/

VeWe 2013: Workshop on Open Research, Open Access, and Copyright (Fürstenfeld, AT)

At this year's Verwertungswerkstatt, an event organised by the Austrian National Student Union, Stefan Kasberger (OKFN AT, Open Science @ Uni Graz, Open Science ASAP), Joachim Losehand (Creative Commons AT, Vibe!), and Michela Vignoli (AIT, Austrian Institute of Technology) led a Workshop on Open Science and Copyright. The aim of the workshop was to give an overview of Open Science (i.e. Open Research) and its aspects, with a special focus on Copyright law and Open Access.

More information

CeDEM 2013: Workshop on Open Research: Data Management and Policies in the Austrian national context (Krems, AT)

In order to support and prepare for the activities which we are aiming at in our workshop at CeDEM 2013, we have started this public Wiki space dedicated to the topic.

The workshop addressed the challenges of implementing Open Research on a political and technical level, and brought together experts from Austria and the European Union in order to define national policies for Open Research.

The objectives of the workshop were to

  • Identify relevant national stakeholders
  • Codify policy recommendations
  • Explore technical solutions for policy implementation
  • Explore political solutions for policy implementation

More information

Michela Vignoli, Ross King (2013): Open Research: Data Management and Policies in the Austrian national context. In P. Parycek, N. Edelmann (Eds.), CeDEM13: Proceedings of the International Conference for E-Democracy and Open Government (pp. 447-450). Krems: Edition Donau-Universität Krems.

Online edition: http://de.scribd.com/doc/152940220/Proceedings-of-the-Conference-for-E-Democracy-and-Open-Governement-2013-CeDEM13 (accessed August 21, 2013)

CeDEM 2012: Workshop on Open Access, Preservation and eGovernment (Krems, AT)

Abstract: We believe that Open Access to digital resources is vital for both effective research and healthy democracy. There are moral, pragmatic and economic arguments for providing such a central service on an Austrian national level. Austria presently lags other countries in this regard but could become a world leader in this area if the necessary requirements, policies, and investment are provided.

Ross King, Joachim Jung (2012): Open Access, Preservation and eGovernment. The Case for an Austrian National Data Service. In P. Parycek, N. Edelmann & M. Sachs (Eds.), CeDEM12: Proceedings of the International Conference for E-Democracy and Open Government (pp. 357-361). Krems: Edition Donau-Universität Krems.


Contact

This wiki is maintained by Michela Vignoli, Junior Scientist at AIT Austrian Institute of Technology, Department of Safety and Security.

Do you have suggestions for Open Science/Open Access guidelines, policy recommendations, or other remarks?

  


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